Gala’s Russian Food Glossary

The cooking glossary includes Russian food, cooking terms, ingredients, dishes and our people culinary preferences. The glossary includes photos and pronunciation dishes and ingredients in Russian. The idea to add pronunciation of Russian words to my glossary told my American friend and I hope, it is going to help people. I will continue to add new words and descriptions to my glossary.


Russian Crapes photo

How to pronounce Russian word

BLINI (блины)

Blini – Russian thin pancakes or crepes. Traditionally made with yeast at old days.

〉 Importance of Blini in Russian Culture

〉 Recipe of Russian Blini Zavarnie

Russian Birch Tree Juice PhotoBirch Tree Juice – juice from a birch tree. Juice is clear, water like the taste and not sweet. What you are going to buy in jars added sugar and it is a pleasant slightly sweet beverage.  Available at some Russian stores in the USA.

Russian Candies Birds milk PhotoBirds milk candy – covered with chocolate and flavored with different flavors souffle (chocolate, lemon, vanilla…). Named from Russian fairy tail. Bird’s Milk means something rear.

Vegetarian borscht recipe Photo

Borscht – Ukrainian traditional soup with beets. Serves with sour cream. Very well adapted in Russia. So many recipes and ways to cook it!

〉 Vegetarian Borscht Recipe

Russian Caviar Serving with Butter Photo

How to pronounce Russian word

IKRA (икра)

Caviar – (Ikra) roe of fish salted and eating as a delicacy. Caviar in Russian is ikra. Russian caviar can be black, red or yellow depends on fish. Most common way to serve in Russia caviar is bread with a thin layer of butter. Garnish with lemon and flowers from butter on the photo. I like to serve caviar with butter flavored with fresh green dill. Caviar can be also called paste from mushroom or vegetable.

〉 How to make flower from butter

〉How to make herb butter

Russian Glossary Crayfish Butter PhotoCrawfish Butter – infusion from crayfish shells for flavoring dishes. Well known in old Russian cuisine.

〉 Recipe Russian Crawfish Butter


Farina – call mannaya krypa in Russian. Sometimes at Russian stores call semolina. Very close to Cream of Wheat. Semolina grain made from wheat and widely use in Russian cooking. We use it to make kasha (porridge), casserole with farmer cheese, dumplings, desserts and along with flour to make cakes and other pastries.


Guriev Kasha Dessert at Gala's Kitchen PhotoGuriev Kashafarina porridge with fruits, nuts, and very important ingredient firm top – skins from boiling milk or cream. Most famous Russian dessert from semolina. Guriev kasha was invented by Dmitri Alexandrovich Guryev, Tsar Alexander First Minister of Finance in 1812. The dessert was first introduced to the cooking World in Paris as Russian dessert in 1814.


Halva – one of the most popular Russian sunflower seeds sweets, originally came from the Middle East.


Kefir – very popular fermented milk beverage at Russia. Originated from the Caucasus Mountains. Very beneficial for heath drink. We use as drink and in cooking to make pancakes, pirozhki and in cold soup okroshka.

Kissel – Russian pudding traditionally thickened with potato starch. Can be made from fruits and berries and milk. Also can be a beverage. Very common drink for little kids.

Kompot – very popular Russian beverage can be made from fresh or dry berries and fruits.

〉 Strawberry beverage kompot recipe


Melted milk –  milk bake for hours in an oven. Has slightly dark pink color and a very nice pleasant taste, good to add to coffee or tea. Use to make other dairy products.

Maslenitsa – Russian Winter Holiday celebrates for one week with traditional dish blini. Call also “Pancake week”.

〉 Read more about Maslenitsa


Russian Salad At Gala's Kitchen PhototOlivier salad – traditional Russian potato salad.

 〉 Recipe Salad Olivier


Siberian pelmeni Gala's kitchen 1 PhotoPelmeni – Russian dumplings with grounded meat filling. Can be made with mushrooms, fish, and vegetables as well.

〉 Siberian Pelmeni and Russian Beliefs

Russian Prianik Niznii Novgorod PhotoPryanik – Russian gingerbread made from flour and honey, usually has inside berries jam. Has a unique taste! Most famous is city Tula pryanik. We have museums of the history of pryanik at Moscow, Tula and other cities. So many customs and traditions related to this very interesting Russian culinary creation.


Riazenka – a dairy product made from melted milk by adding sour cream. Consistency like yogurt.


Russian Dish Stroganina PhotoStroganina – Russian raw fish dish more known on North of the country.

〉 Russian Exotic Raw Fish Dish Stroganina

Russian Samovar City Tula PhotoSamovar – Russian metal beverage jug to heat water to drink tea.


Russian Soft Drink Beverage Tarkhun Photo Tarkhun – carbonated drink one of popular soft beverages at Russia, name from tarragon plant. A very unique flavor. Something slightly close to lemon spearmint.


Russian Fish Soup Ucha PhotoUcha – Russian fish soup. The meaning of dish ucha changed in 2 centuries, word ucha meant any broth and now only mean fish soup. ( Dictionary V. E. Dal )

〉 Recipe Salmon Ucha


Varenez – made from melted milk by adding cream. Nice to add to coffee or tea.

Russian Vobla Dry Salted Fish Photo

Vobla – one of most popular Russian dry salted fish. We eat it with beer or without like a snack.

Pokhlebkin History of Vodka Book Photo

Vodka – Russian alcoholic beverage. Vodka was called wheat wine at Russia by end of XIX century. Discovery of the beverage related to historical changes in the country and dated between 1446 and 1478 years. If you would like to learn more, I recommend book translated from Russian “A History of Vodka” by William Pochlebkin.

Russian Glossary Salad Vinegret PhotoVinaigrette or Vinegret – potato and beetroot Russian salad. Salad can be made with fish, seafood, seaweed and other ingredients.

〉 Vegetables Vinaigrette Recipe

〉 Meat Vinaigrette Recipe